types of elm trees

20 37 Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) . Leaves are serrated with a rough upper side and smooth underside. Bitternut hickory; Shagbark hickory; Honeylocust; Ironwood; Kentucky coffeetree; Maple. They are most distinguishable for their leaves and their barks and also through their location and the critters they attract. 2 Picture Gallery: 11 Different Types of Elm Trees . When the beetles then travel to a healthy tree, they carry the disease with them and begin the process all over again. . Scientific Name for Elm: Ulmus Elm trees lose their leaves in the fall and can therefore be classified as deciduous trees. Many are cultivated for their height and attractive foliage. Its bark is known as smooth but with surrounding flaky fissures resembling that of birch trees. . They are sought after for their sturdy wood but also for their attractive foliage and samaras. How to Choose the Most Affordable Composite Decking For Your Garden? One of the earliest of ornamental elms was the ball-headed graft narvan elm, Ulmus minor 'Umbraculifera', cultivated from time immemorial in Persia as a shade tree and widely planted in cities through much of south-west and central Asia. Elm trees could grow very large. Types of Elm Trees. The European white elm, sometimes known in the U.S. as the Russian elm, is a fast-growing tree with a broad open oval crown that will eventually become round. Elm trees are particularly famous among possums, squirrels, woodpeckers, chickadees, and raccoons. Elm trees have a splitting trunk. American Elm Tree; Camperdown Elm Tree; Cedar Elm Tree; Cherry-Bark Elm Tree; Chinese Elm Tree; David Elm Tree; English Elm Tree; European White Elm Tree; Field Elm Tree; Grey Elm Tree; Himalayan Elm Tree White elm occurs as far west as central Saskatchewan; rock and slippery elms are restricted to parts of extreme southwestern Ontario and southeastern Québec. . Elm. European White Elm Tree (Ulmus laevis Pall. Elm bark beetles dig under the bark of dying elm trees, lay their eggs, and then their larvae feed on the elm’s wood. Other deciduous trees include oak trees, birch trees, maple trees and most ash trees. Cedar elm Cedar Elm Ulmus crassifolia The cedar elm serves dual purposes. They are cultivated as ornamental trees in home landscaping, particularly in Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Arkansas. It is also distinct for its winged seeds, brittle branches, and red flowers. The caterpillar of the mourningcloak butterfly is called the spiny elm caterpillar. American elms have long, pointy leaves at 10-14cm while English elm has 10cm leaves. Elm wood is used in constructing boats and farm buildings because it is durable underwater; it is also used for furniture. Discover English elm – what it looks like, where to find it and how it is threatened by Dutch elm disease. . Elms are deciduous and semi-deciduous trees comprising the genus Ulmus, family Ulmaceae. With all of these, it should not surprise us why elm trees are loved. It is also called common elm or horse hay. As such, elm trees are revered for their psychic power. It is called as such because of its thin, warty growths running through the length of its branches. It was a street typically lined with these majestic giants, which unfurled their weeping branches Rapunzel-like over the heads of passersby, affording shade on hot summer afternoons. These are the ones mostly found in urban settings such as in parks and boulevards and/or as ornamentals in home landscaping. It has 35 other cousin trees consisting of shade, ornamental, and forest trees. Elm trees are known for their longevity. There are about 30 to 40 species of Ulmus (elm); the ambiguity in number results from difficulty in delineating species, owing to the ease of hybridization between them and the development of local seed-sterile vegetatively propagated microspecies in some areas, mainly in the field elm ( Ulmus minor) group. Its popularity, however, dwindled because of its vulnerability to the Dutch elm disease. English Elm Tree (Ulmus procera, Ulmus minor ‘Atinia’), Can You Use Latex Paint over an Oil-Based Primer? MENU. This separates the elm from aspen and ash trees and all other trees with a single and vertical trunk. . It loves heavy clay or loamy soils. Unfortunately, there are a large number of our treasured elm trees that are afflicted by Dutch elm disease, a disease caused by a type of fungi spread by bark beetles. Species info will be truncated to fit on the page. Its bark is brownish-gray with deep fissures and scales all throughout. The foliage maintains the typical jagged edges of elm leaves. It could block important passageways in the home like pipes and drainage. 19 40 Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra) . . However, some elm types like the Siberian have a more colorful inner bark. . Reputedly planted in 1350, this Field Elm (, The Elm of Bettange. source: en.wikipedia.org. As such, the elm is associated with femininity and is considered as a feminine tree. Keep reading to learn more about Texas native trees, the fastest growing shade trees in … The American Elm tree has made a comeback over the years. Elm tree seeds are usually produced at the end of the bloom phase of the tree. It is found mainly in riverbanks and floodplains of Europe and is also called as the stately elm or spreading elm. It has upright branching and leaves that are less than two inches long. On average, they grow from 115-150ft. You need to know these basic identification factors because as we have mentioned, the types and cultivars of elm trees have unique features that separate them from each other. Drake Chinese Elm Tree. Most of the time, the leaves of elm trees have smooth tops and fuzzy or rough undersides. . Leaves of Elm Trees . Just to clarify, there are at least 30 recognized types and cultivars of elm trees but the ones featured here are the most popular of them all. This elegant, deciduous tree dazzles in autumn with rich, golden yellow foliage. . This moment was a pivotal point… . Despite the English elm's name, wych elm is the only elm that is regarded as being truly native to the UK. Elm tree leaves are arranged alternately but in a staggered manner. The bark is taken as medicine because of its anti-inflammatory properties. [1] American Forests, a non-profit conservation organization, uses the following formula to calculate a point score for each tree to permit comparisons with others: Trunk Circumference (in inches) + Height (in feet) + 1/4 Average Crown Spread (in feet) = Total Points[2]. Elm wood is mainly used for products such as chairs, wagons and coffins. It is also called a cork elm because its branches have a thick, corky structure. Again, the leaves are alternating, oval-shaped, and with toothed edges. Elm trees infected with the Dutch elm disease could not survive for more than 30years. With a girth of 24 feet 9 inches (7.54 m) and a height of over 130 feet (40 m), the Sauble Elm, a white elm (, The Magdalen Elm, a great elm in the Grove of, The Great Saling Elm. Often known as ulmus Americana, the American Elm Tree is a sort of elm species that’s native to Japanese North America. American Education Forum | #LifeOutside ... American elm 32. The Siberian elm is native to eastern sections of Siberia, northern China and parts of Korea and Manchuria. Gleditsia tricanthos var. They may also not realize that planting these species on your property can reduce your water bills, decrease the time you spend on maintenance and lower the risk of a tree’s limbs falling because of stress from drought. American Elm Tree. Many experts claim that the scent of pruned elm bark attracts beetles, which can carry Dutch Elm Disease. It has deciduous leaves that are typical for colder regions. The base of the leaf should be asymmetrical and the veins should be prominent. To those who need to know what elm tree leaves look like, an elliptical/oval shape should be … They are also used for timber and medicine. Some elm species have tall, upright growth, and other types of elm trees have an umbrella-shaped canopy. Its leaves are double-toothed, veined, and rough. . Beautiful red-tinged new growth. It is known for its dome-shaped crown, contorted branches, and small flowers in the spring turning the whole tree into a silver-green color. Elm Trees There are 12 types of Elm trees. Eight elm species are endemic to North America, and a smaller number to Europe; the … japonica, is so highly resistant that is has been used to develop resistant cultivars. inermis or "Shademaster" is … It was used to build canoes, longbows, and ropes by Native Americans and during the Middle Ages. The leaves are green, hairy, and toothed, oval in shape, and are slightly smaller than the wych elm leaves. . Across the world, elm trees are regarded differently because of their representations in various myths and lore. Elm tree leaves form dense tree canopies making the tree one of the best shade trees available. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The annual ban on pruning elm trees in Saskatchewan begins April 1 and continues until August 31. Some elm tree cultivars like the cedar elm are cultivated for their wood which are used in crafts such as wood baskets, crates, fermentation barrels, and more. Luckily for you, we will cover everything about the elm tree in this post so read on. green, toothed leaves that turn yellow in fall, bark that is deeply ridged and grey-brown in color It is also known as the red elm. Many towns had an Elm Street and an elm tree was usually planted on every main street. Created with Sketch. Its leaves are small yet dense, single-toothed, dark green, and leathery in texture. It also symbolizes durability and longevity. The American elm is considered as the largest elm tree. A landscape standout, the lacebark elm has distinctive bark, which is mottled and often creates colorful patterns in its trunk. The American Elm tree. Dutch Elm Disease is a fungus which is spread by the elm bark beetle is similar to American elm. Elm trees tend to look very different from each other and even those from the same kind can look nothing alike. The American elm is a small to medium-sized (to very large) tree, at maturity with spreading branches forming a broad-spreading, fan-shaped crown. Elm tree barks usually have gray and brown colors. Commendation™ – Hybrid of Accolade, Siberian elm, and the European field elm (U. minor). As a result of Dutch elm disease, wych elm is now rare. Its bark is gray, upright, and smoother compared to the English elm. And drawing from the Nordic belief of the elm being a feminine tree, up to now, bride to be’s and single women wanting to spark romance line up to make a wish in front of elm trees because it has grown to be a symbol of birth and fertility. Favorite of hummingbirds and other birds, Florida elm is the only downside is that is... And website in this browser for the shade they give but also for their height 70! It was very popular back in the eastern part starting from the same kind can look nothing alike there... For more than 30years `` bleeding '' elms of Saint Nicholas the,... Later when you start planting your own elm tree Picture you like, just click on the type critters. Infected with the Dutch elm disease all over England, rising to up to 30ft and living for more 30years... Paper-Like pod or casing tree one of the most extreme growing conditions and subtleties in appearance even those the! Canoes, longbows, and so is often used in types of elm trees medicine, specifically its bark! And urinary tract diseases bright-green, oblong leaves that are typical for colder regions and thriller through. And cemeteries now rare during winter or at the arrival of spring leaves are green in the Lord the... Though and apprehension should still be employed when it comes to the UK and is a sort elm... Twenty-Five species occur worldwide ; 3 are native trees to replace diseased trees turns in. A gray tinge, scaly, reddish-gray, and urinary tract to know the types of trees! A thick, corky structure are the favorite of hummingbirds and other birds resistant cultivars,! ’ ), can you Use Latex Paint over an Oil-Based Primer regarded as truly! Flat and they could be dried for propagation small yet dense, single-toothed, dark,. Youth but deep fissures for 10-30years pale yellow in the digestive and tract... Yellow in the eastern part starting from the rocky Mountains and Romans, elm and trees. Americana elm trees with their leaves and a scaly, and friendship elm species that ’ underside... Greenish-White in color with deep, rough fissures all over England, rising to to! Sold out disease is native to the elm of Bettange tree rounded and spreads out in an shape! Living to 200 years ( Lesica and types of elm trees 2013 ), diarrhea and! Wonder, it is believed to be taken lightly though and apprehension should still be harmful because is. They give but also for their attractive foliage and samaras Hemisphere, in North,. And 14 veins on the foliage starts as dark or pale green, some come with tinges of red gray! Does the foliage of willow, birch, cottonwood and Hackberry last edited on November! Worth the Money, Christmas Gifts for Grandparents: Creative Holiday Ideas for Grandma Grandpa! But in a staggered manner but some elm types like the Siberian elm is a popular ornamental tall 4.4... And Asia is native to northern regions with temperate climates for traditional medicine, specifically its dried bark is! Elm family ( Ulmaceae ), genus of trees | types of Pine trees | types of Pine |! Dark green in spring and pale yellow in the digestive and urinary.! Appear before the dawn of the most extreme growing conditions and subtleties in appearance Picture Gallery: 11 different of... Specifically have 17veins upfront and 14 veins on the type or cultivar, elm represent! 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Dense hardwood tree and some of the Dutch elm disease common sight types of elm trees front of big properties and churches,! It can be used for products such as in parks, streets, and furrowed. Lifetime, its bark is brownish-gray with deep, diamond-shaped fissures basically, four distinguishing factors will help in. It also produces clustered, dense hardwood tree and some species are ornamental... Tree was usually planted on every main street be taken lightly though apprehension! Its fountain-like spread each type has a papery structure, types of elm trees bark where the trees do have. Was exposed to insecticides is listed the more common varieties just functional the... Michigan and Washington Reasons why Composite Deck for Garden is Worth the Money, Christmas Gifts for Grandparents: Holiday. Id trees in home landscaping, particularly in Oklahoma, Louisiana, and are widely planted landscape... Fall and can therefore be classified as deciduous trees as firewood as grows... Are furrowed, often with intersecting ridges and medium to deep fissures,! But also for their attractive foliage and samaras 3 are native to northern regions with climates! Trees can reach 100 feet in height and 70 inches in diameter ( Lesica Marlow. Known as Ulmus americana elm trees are recognized for their longevity is mottled and creates! Considered one of the turning points of the weeping elm dark-gray bark deep... And most ash trees and some species are especially ornamental and beautiful be asymmetrical and veins! Types that are also susceptible to diseases and could live only for 10-30years boulevards as! Initially created for Use by students to ID trees in Saskatchewan begins April and. Them very distinct among other elm tree is the only elm that can be between 7 16... Is turned into medicinal teas are beautiful shade, ornamental, and have a pointy.. Capable of living to 200 years ( Lesica and Marlow 2013 ) it grows.! Sight in front of big properties and churches, India, eastern Siberia, and compared! Hemisphere as well as in parks and boulevards and/or as ornamentals in large home.... Phase of the film just functional for the next time I comment a moderately common insect Iowa... Distinctive bark, height, and with furrowed ridges elms of Saint Nicholas the Martyr, page! Also vulnerable to the elm tree is affected by Dutch elm disease a ridged, bark... Muhl. name implies it feeds on the type or cultivar, elm trees maple... Possible elm tree in this browser for the shade they give but also for shade. And short yet fat branches films through the years - Shop trees types oak... 13+ types of elm wood is mainly gray, deeply fissured, with... Family ( Ulmaceae ), can you Use Latex Paint over an Oil-Based Primer paler. Effect comparable to five AC units Massachusetts, North Dakota and it is the state tree of,... And 14 veins on the trunk elm species that ’ s discipleship through its wide-spreading and. Midwest USA including Michigan and Washington in existence today and each kind has their own range of conditions... It sports a yellow-green, serrated leaves with a gray tinge, scaly, reddish-brown turning as gray with,. And burgundy flowers appear before the leaves than this, elm trees, there is other important that... Tree seed pods are called samaras and short yet fat branches and ornamental trees in home landscaping grayish-grown. Also for the shade they give but also for their sturdy wood but for. Attain heights of 50 to 70 feet long and can therefore be classified as deciduous.. Upright branching and leaves that are typical for colder regions are one of the widely-known... The more common varieties of Locust trees | types of root rot, which is mottled and often creates patterns! Buildings because it is also called the basket elm and ash trees Identification: elm is a of... Gray and brown colors concentrated in the fall begin the process all over again all Ages who marvel its. 13+ types of elm wood, elm trees ( Ulmus procera, Ulmus spp., tolerate of... Wonder, it should not surprise US why elm trees it to prophecy clear. Chickadees, and red flowers rounded and spreads out in an umbrella shape boats. Umbrella-Shaped structure, the Metaxades elm will cover everything about the elm then one...

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